Friday, January 27

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The Brazilian Aardvark

Class Starter: Class Discussion about What to Believe.

Did you know that just because you found it online or heard it in the news doesn’t make it true?    Let’s watch this animated short called “How false news can spread”, by Noah Tavlin. Then let’s talk about it!

BRAZILIAN AARDVARK?   Here’s a funny thing that happened. Read about it on the New Yorker article, “How a Raccoon became an Aardvark”  .

If you like that, check this out: This article from Network World details ten of the biggest Wikipedia hoaxes to date.

Class Activity:  Lesson about Credible and Ethical information found online.

I know this is a long post today, but I have some very helpful links and guidelines for you to adopt.  Besides, you don’t have to be counted with those who are not savvy to what’s going on with the information that is flying in circles around us.  You are not most teenagers, either!

•So let me give you some illustrations of Surface Web, Deep Web, Subscription Databases & also Dark Web:

Surface Web:

Internet search engine (such as Google, Yahoo!, AOL, MSN, etc.). On the other hand, for many academic papers and projects, searching the World Wide Web in this fashion is simply a waste of time.

Deep Web:

http://www.sciencedirect.com/

https://scholar.google.com/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/

https://www.usa.gov/

https://www.usa.gov/state-tribal-governments

Going Deeper: Subscription Databases:

http://library.ucf.edu/about/libraries/rosen/

Dark Web

https://brightplanet.com/2016/06/video-dark-web/


Below I am sharing some guidelines for any teenager or adult who has a heartbeat, an opinion, and especially anyone in authority or who has influence on others.

Summary of The CARS Checklist for Research Source Evaluation

 

Credibility

 

trustworthy source, author’s credentials, evidence of quality control, known or respected authority, organizational support. Goal: an authoritative source, a source that supplies some good evidence that allows you to trust it.
 

Accuracy

 

up to date, factual, detailed, exact, comprehensive, audience and purpose reflect intentions of completeness and accuracy. Goal: a source that is correct today (not yesterday), a source that gives the whole truth.
 

Reasonableness

 

fair, balanced, objective, reasoned, no conflict of interest, absence of fallacies or slanted tone. Goal: a source that engages the subject thoughtfully and reasonably, concerned with the truth.
 

Support

 

listed sources, contact information, available corroboration, claims supported, documentation supplied. Goal: a source that provides convincing evidence for the claims made, a source you can triangulate (find at least two other sources that support it).

Living with Information: The CAFÉ Advice

Here is one last piece of advice to help you live well in the world of information: Take your information to the Café (Challenge, Adapt, File, Evaluate).
Challenge
Challenge information and demand accountability. Stand right up to the information and ask questions. Who says so? Why do they say so? Why was this information created? Why should I believe it? Why should I trust this source? How is it known to be true? Is it the whole truth? Is the argument reasonable? Who supports it?
Adapt
Adapt your skepticism and requirements for quality to fit the importance of the information and what is being claimed. Require more credibility and evidence for stronger claims. You are right to be a little skeptical of dramatic information or information that conflicts with commonly accepted ideas. The new information may be true, but you should require a robust amount of evidence from highly credible sources.
File
File new information in your mind rather than immediately believing or disbelieving it. Avoid premature closure. Do not jump to a conclusion or come to a decision too quickly. It is fine simply to remember that someone claims XYZ to be the case. You need not worry about believing or disbelieving the claim right away. Wait until more information comes in, you have time to think about the issue, and you gain more general knowledge.
Evaluate
Evaluate and re-evaluate regularly. New information or changing circumstances will affect the accuracy and hence your evaluation of previous information. Recognize the dynamic, fluid nature of information. The saying, “Change is the only constant,” applies to much information, especially in technology, science, medicine, and business.
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